Am I a healthy weight

There are many treatments out there to assess your weight and body structure.  The following are widely used equations that may help you assess your present health position.  The items of these equations are depending on common information, and therefore don’t consideration for variations in action stage, muscular tissue, and structure dimension.  Keep this in mind when determining your outcomes.

            Ideal Body Weight (IBW) – Hamwi method

                        Ideal body weight is and estimation of a healthy weight based on height.

                        Females:    100 pounds for the first 5 feet of height
                                          5 pounds for every inch thereafter

Males:        106 pounds for the first 5 feet of height
                                          6 pounds for every inch thereafter.

                        Kara is 5’7” tall.  Her IBW is;
                                    100 pounds + (5 pounds x 7 inches) = 135 pounds
                         Dave is 6’3” tall.  His IBW is;
                                     106 pounds + (6 pounds x 15 inches) = 196 pounds

            Body Mass Index (BMI)

Body mass index is a ratio of weight to height and is used as an estimate of body fat.
                                                                             Weight (lb)
                                                BMI = 703.1   x   Height (in²)               
                        Danny is 5’11” and weighs 178 pounds.  His BMI is;
                                    [703.1(178)] / (71”)/(71”) = 24.8

            Based on the table below, Danny is considered at a normal weight.

BMI Classification Table

            What are my calorie, protein and fat needs?

            Calorie Needs

            The Harris-Benedict Equation for Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) is commonly used to figure energy requirements based on sex, height, weight and age. 

            W = weight in kilograms         H = height in centimeters        A = age in years         

            Men:  BEE = 66.5 + 13.8(W) + 5.0(H) - 6.8(A)

            Women:  BEE = 655.1 + 9.6(W) + 1.9(H) - 4.7(A)

Beth is a 47 year-old female.  She is 5’5” tall and weighs 147 pounds.  What is her BEE?

(147 pounds)/(2.2 pounds/kg) = 66.8 kg
(65 inches)(2.54 cm/inch) = 165 cm

BEE = 655.1 + [(9.6)(66.8 kg)] + [(5.0)(165 cm)] - [(4.7)(47 age)]
                        BEE = 655.1 + 641 + 825 – 221 =   1900 calories
            If Beth gets regular physical activity, her BEE may need to be multiplied by a factor of 1.2-1.5 to account for extra calories needed during exercise.  A factor of 1.2 represents an average amount of activity, where 1.5 would be a very high amount of activity.  We’ll say Beth gets an average amount of activity.  In this case her needs would be:

                                    1900 calories (1.2) = 2280 calories

            Protein Needs

            ADA recommends daily protein intake for healthy adults as .8-1.0 g of protein/kg body weight.


                        Jay weighs 168 pounds.  How much protein does he need per day?

                        (168)/(2.2g/kg) = 76.4 kg
                        76.4 kg (.8 g/kg) = 61 g
                        76.4 kg (1.0 g/kg) = 76 g        61 – 76 grams of protein per day
Fat Needs

Fat intake should equal 30% of your total days calories. 


Jackie consumes 1600 calories per day.  How many calories and grams of fat should she be consuming each day?  1 gram of fat = 9 calories   

            1600 calories (.30) = 480 calories from fat

            (480 calories)/(9 calories/g) = 53 grams of fat per day

   How do I lose weight?
To shed weight you need to make a nutrient lack, which means you need to use-up more nutrient consumption than you take in.  You can do this by reducing nutrient consumption absorbed or improving your amount or concentration of exercise.  Plan to reduce ½ -2 weight weekly.  Dropping more than that may indicate you’re eating too little or training too much.

One lb of body fat is equal to about 3,500 nutrient consumption.  Study through the following illustrations to help you determine a nutrient lack.

1)  If you reduced your daily caloric intake by 300 calories per day, how much weight would you lose in 1 month?

                        (300 calories)(30 days) = 9000 calories

                        (9000 calories)/(3500 calories per pound) = 2.57 pound loss per month     

2)  If you burned an extra 100 calories per day by walking for 30 minutes 5 times a week, how much weight would you lose in 1 month?

                        (100 calories)(5 times per week)(4 weeks per month) = 2000 calories

                        (2000 calories)/(3500 calories per pound) = .57 pound loss per month

     Weight Loss Tips

-Listen to your body.  Make a conscious effort to eat when your hungry and stop eating when you’re full.  It is amazing how many people will eat strictly because it’s “lunch time” without paying attention to how hungry they really are. 

-Eat gradually.  It requires 20 minutes for your abdomen to indication to the mind that it’s complete.  Try placing your hand down between attacks and take a sip of mineral water to help slowly you down.   
-Eating should an enjoyable experience.  Sit down, take your time, and make eating the only event at mealtime. Eating while watching TV or studying makes it easy to overindulge.  Concentrate on enjoying your food by taking in all the sights, smells, textures, and flavors.  

-Have healthy snacks close at hand.  Keep whole fruit and sandwich bags of fresh vegetables in the refrigerator so they’re easy to grab and take on the go.  Whole grain cereals, crackers and low fat cheese sticks also make great snacks.

-When snacking, place food into a bowl or on a plate instead of eating it from the bag.  How many times have you sat down to a movie with a bag of popcorn and before you know it you’ve eaten the whole bag?
-Make a shopping record and store on a complete abdomen.  This way you’ll be sure to buy only what you need and won’t be enticed by buy additional offerings.

 How do I gain weight?
            The process of gaining weight is just the opposite of losing weight.  You need to increase your caloric intake by 3,500 calories to gain one pound.  Read through the following example to calculate calories needed to gain weight:

            If you eat an extra turkey sandwich (240 calories) and a piece of fruit (60 calories) per day, how much weight would you gain in 2 weeks?

                        240 calories + 60 calories = 300 extra calories per day
                        300 calories (14 days) = 4200 calories
                        (4200 calories)/(3500 calories) = 1.2 pounds gained every 2 weeks

             Weight Gaining Tips

            -Eat a treats before bed time.

            -Get some exercise before foods.  This will increase your metabolic rate and increase your        hunger.
-Drink fluids before and after meals instead of with meals.  This way you won’t fill up on fluids during the meal.

-Select nutrient and calorie rich foods over “light” or “low fat” versions.  For example select 2% or whole milk over skim. 

-Enjoy health drinks like Boost or Ensure.  They pack a lot of calories and nutrients into a small volume of liquid.  To increase calorie value, make a milkshake by blending with ice cream in a blender.


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